Surgery to restore sight

vision restoration surgery

All of us use vision to enjoy the beauties of the world, perceive information and store it in memory. However, few of us think about how this unique mechanism works. Moreover, working at the computer, we do not spare our sight and often go to the doctor when serious ophthalmic problems begin.

Today, diagnoses such as myopia, hypermetropia and astigmatism are also known to children. All these diseases are characterized by impaired visual acuity. Depending on the situation and age of the patient, different methods are used in the treatment of these pathologies - vitamin therapy, therapeutic exercises for the eyes, wearing glasses. When such therapeutic methods fail, the doctor suggests that the patient undergo an operation to restore vision. What kind of surgery is this? Let's figure it out together.

Types of operations to restore vision

A few decades ago, humanity did not have the ability to eliminate complex vision problems. Today, the technological process has made significant progress in the field of ophthalmology, allowing you to restore visual acuity in just one day. It is about laser technology. Eye surgeries are performed using highly advanced laser equipment. There are several different methods of laser vision correction. Let's see them in detail:

  1. Super Lasik- the most common operation today, which is performed according to the individual parameters of each patient, therefore it gives the best results.
  2. Lasik- the basic method of vision correction. It does not take into account the individual characteristics of the patient's corneal structure.
  3. Femto Lasik- a technique that uses a special femto-laser to restore vision.
  4. Femto Super Lasik- the method is similar to standard Femto Lasik, but is performed taking into account the individual characteristics of the patient's eye.
  5. Presbyopia Lasik- The technique takes into account age-related changes in near vision in patients over 40, trying to correct it at all distances without glasses.
  6. PRK– the method is used for contraindications to standard procedures. For example, if the cornea is very thin.
  7. Epi-Lasik- one of the varieties of the standard Lasik procedure, which can sometimes be used for thin corneas.

Performing the operation

The ophthalmic surgeon removes the upper part of the cornea, after which the laser removes the inner part and returns the upper layer to its place. The operation is performed under local anesthesia, not general anesthesia. Therefore, the damage to the body is minimal. The patient feels well. After surgery, vision begins to recover after 2-3 days. Further procedures to speed up the recovery period, the patient performs himself at home.

Contraindications for surgical intervention

Laser vision correction is not performed on people under 18 and over 60. Also, this surgical intervention is contraindicated in the presence of such diseases in the patient as tuberculosis, diabetes, oncology. Laser correction is strictly not recommended for pregnant and lactating women.

Postoperative period

As we said earlier, vision returns after laser surgery very quickly. The patient should only observe the rules of eye hygiene, temporarily exclude physical activity. Complications from the laser procedure are minimized.

So, we discovered that surgery to restore vision allows you to achieve the best results in eliminating problems such as myopia, hypermetropia, glaucoma, fibroids, astigmatism. The vision correction procedure is quick, recovery and adaptation is painless. Even with advanced stages of diseases of the organs of vision, the operation works wonders. In this case, the patient is not exposed to general anesthesia, does not experience discomfort before and after the operation.

And yet, better than any operation is the prevention of the disease. Therefore, it is necessary to protect vision and health in general from a young age.